The Long Blue Line: Master Chief Petty Officer Melvin Kealoha Bell – minority pioneer, Pacific War hero

This blog is part of a series honoring the long blue line of Coast Guard men and women who served before us. Stay tuned as we highlight the customs, traditions, history and heritage of the Coast Guard.

Written by William H. Thiesen
Coast Guard Atlantic Area Historian

Melvin Bell after his second retirement in 2004. Bell dedicated 66 years of federal service in the military and civil service. Photo courtesy of the Bell family.

Melvin Bell after his second retirement in 2004. Bell dedicated 66 years of federal service in the military and civil service. Photo courtesy of the Bell family.

Master Chief Melvin Kealoha Bell, retired, crossed the bar at the age of 98, Sept. 9, 2018. He was a patriot whose distinguished career in service of his country spanned 65 years.

A Native Hawaiian, Bell was born in 1920, in the city of Hilo on the “Big Island.” In a widely practiced Hawaiian custom called “Hanai,” parents John Kauwanui Holokahi and Annie Kahahana Bell, placed him with maternal grandfather John Bell to be raised through middle school. Melvin later returned to his parents but retained the name Bell throughout his life.

Portrait photograph of Melvin Kealoha Bell as a young man. Photo courtesy of the Bell family.

Portrait photograph of Melvin Kealoha Bell as a young man. Photo courtesy of the Bell family.

Bell’s father served as chief wireman for the Hawaiian Telephone Company and ran a small radio repair shop in his garage. Melvin had an inquisitive mind and technical aptitude. He liked to work with his father who taught him not only how electrical and mechanical things worked, but also why they worked. Bell would often say, “My dad taught me electrical theory.” And, much to his mother’s displeasure, Bell liked to take apart toasters and vacuum cleaners then reassemble them.

In 1938, Bell graduated from Hilo High School and moved to Honolulu. There, he met sailors from the U.S. Coast Guard who told him tales of seafaring. He was sold on a life in the service and enlisted in the Coast Guard in November 1938. He first served aboard the famed 327-foot cutter Taney as a mess attendant, a rating commonly reserved for minorities before official desegregation took place in World War II.

In 1939, Bell’s career took a new direction. That year, he struck for the rating of radioman and proved his genius by repairing a broken high-frequency transmitter that had baffled everyone in the rating, including Henry Anthony, the Coast Guard’s District Radio Electrician and intelligence officer. Impressed with Bell’s acumen for radio communications and technology, Anthony became Bell’s mentor. The next year, in 1940, Bell became radioman for the cutter Reliance with the additional duty of monitoring patrols of the Coast Guard’s Pearl Harbor-based seaplane using coded messages.

Photograph of the Diamon Head Lighthouse, location of the radio transmitter used by Melvin Bell, a radioman, Sunday, Dec. 7, 1941, in Honolulu. Bell used this to issue the first radio transmission warning of the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. U.S. Coast Guard photo.

Photograph of the Diamon Head Lighthouse, location of the radio transmitter used by Melvin Bell, a radioman, Sunday, Dec. 7, 1941, in Honolulu. Bell used this to issue the first radio transmission warning of the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor. U.S. Coast Guard photo.

By 1941, the service assigned Bell to its District Communications Station located at the Diamond Head Lighthouse in Oahu. While Bell served there, Henry Anthony introduced him to naval intelligence work, so Bell learned the Japanese language and tracking movements of Japanese naval units. When a powerful fleet of the Japanese Imperial Navy attacked Pearl Harbor on Sunday, Dec. 7, 1941, Bell was on duty at Diamond Head. After the air raid began, the 14th Naval District Headquarters ordered him to transmit the first radio messages warning commercial vessels and military installations of the attack. After this assault on his homeland, Bell applied his skills and intellect to the war effort, specializing in naval communications intelligence with the Navy’s Fleet Radio Unit Pacific (FRUPAC). As a member of FRUPAC, he helped break the secret Japanese Imperial Navy code that led to U.S. Naval victories in the Pacific, including the decisive defeat of the enemy fleet at Midway Island in June 1942. Bell’s wartime intelligence work helped save thousands of lives and aided the defeat of a formidable foe.

Chief Petty Officer Melvin Bell, a radioman, in his dress blues in 1947. Photo courtesy of the Bell family.

Chief Petty Officer Melvin Bell, a radioman, in his dress blues in 1947. Photo courtesy of the Bell family.

During his active-duty career, Bell held many distinctions. In 1943, he became the first Pacific Islander advanced to chief petty officer. Later, he held the distinction of a dual rating as Chief Radioman and Chief Electronics Technician. In November 1958, he became the first master chief in his rating. Perhaps more significantly, he became the first minority master chief in the history of the Coast Guard. The next minority petty officer to advance to master chief did so in 1960. Bell’s decorations included the Coast Guard Good Conduct Medal (five awards), Navy Commendation Medal, Navy Unit Commendation, National Defense Service Medal, Asiatic Pacific Campaign Medal, American Defense Medal, American Campaign Medal and Victory World War II Medal.

After the war, Bell became an instructor at the Coast Guard’s Electronics Technician School in Groton, Connecticut. There, in 1950, he met Norine Hamlin of New Britain, Connecticut, and they were married in May 1950. In 1959, after 20 years active duty, he retired and returned to Hawaii as a civilian employee of the Coast Guard. Bell later became a quality engineer with the Department of the Navy working for many years in the field of submarine-launched ballistic missiles, including the Polaris, UUM-44 SUBROC (submarine rocket) and Trident missile programs. In 2004, he retired a second time at the age of 84 with a combined record of 65 years of military and federal civil service. For his career of federal service, he received official recognition from President George W. Bush for one of the longest careers in U.S. history.

Bell was a remarkable Coast Guardsman, citizen and father. He is survived by his beloved wife of 68 years, as well as eight children, 27 grandchildren, 50 great-grandchildren and three great-great grandchildren. Son Melvin Kealoha Bell, Jr. preceded him in death. His life, career and work embody the service’s core values of honor, respect and devotion to duty.

Bell will be laid to rest with military honors at the National Veterans Memorial Cemetery, in Riverside, California, on Monday, Oct. 1, 2018. He is yet another example of the extraordinary men and women who have served in the long blue line.

Master Chief Petty Officer Melvin Bell's Coast Guard retirement ceremony in 1959 aboard Coast Guard Cutter Casco. Bell was an electronics technician. Photo courtesy of the Bell family.

Master Chief Petty Officer Melvin Bell’s Coast Guard retirement ceremony in 1959 aboard Coast Guard Cutter Casco. Bell was an electronics technician. Photo courtesy of the Bell family.

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